What is Flexion?
Lumbar spinal flexion is forward bending of the spinal column.
Lumbar flexion occurs every day during activities of daily living. Flexion is the largest and most exercised component of spinal motion 1,2,3,4 and is often problematic for patients who are considering or have recently undergone spine surgery.
Notes and References:
White AA, Panjabi MM. Clinical Biomechanics of the Spine, Second Edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 1990.
Benzel E. Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization. American Association of Neurological Surgeons (distributed by Thieme New York), 2001.
Morlock MM, Bonin V, Deuretzbacher G, Müller G, Honl M, Schneider E. "Determination of the in vivo loading of the lumbar spine with a new approach directly at the workplace – first results for nurses." Clin Biomech 2000, 15(8): 549-558.
Bible JE, Biswas D, Miller CP, Whang PG, Grauer JN. "Normal functional range of motion of the lumbar spine during 15 activities of daily living." J Spinal Disord Tech. 2010, 23(2): 106-112.